In the North Country, what had been an industrial area focused on mining and timber has largely been transformed into a vacation destination. The Minnesota lakes include mud lakes and rice lakes. Minor league baseball is represented by major league-sponsored teams and independent teams such as the St. Paul Saints, who play at CHS Field in St. Paul. , Once primarily a producer of raw materials, Minnesota's economy has transformed to emphasize finished products and services. , The state supports a network of public universities and colleges, including 37 institutions in the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System, and five major campuses of the University of Minnesota system. Land west of the Mississippi was acquired with the Louisiana Purchase, though part of the Red River Valley was disputed until the Treaty of 1818.  Intercity bus providers include Jefferson Lines, Greyhound, and Megabus. The state gets nearly one fifth of all its electrical energy from wind. Appeals from the trial courts and challenges to certain governmental decisions are heard by the Minnesota Court of Appeals, consisting of 19 judges who typically sit in three-judge panels. In the November 2010 Minnesota House election, the Republicans gained 25 house seats, giving them control of the body by a 72–62 margin. Explore Minnesota Biking", Indian Affairs Council, State of Minnesota, The Upper Sioux Community Pejuhutazizi Oyate, Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, White Earth Indian Reservation Tribal Council, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minnesota&oldid=1000857636, States and territories established in 1858, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 02:08. The table below shows the racial composition of Minnesota's population as of 2017. State and national forests and the seventy-two state parks are used year-round for hunting, camping, and hiking. , On October 1, 2007, Minnesota became the 17th state to enact the Freedom to Breathe Act, a statewide smoking ban in restaurants and bars. The Canadians were not enthused to take in the displaced Minnesota Sioux, but went on to set aside even more land for them.  Previous professional soccer teams have included the Minnesota Kicks, which played at Metropolitan Stadium from 1976 to 1981, and the Minnesota Strikers from 1984 to 1988. It shares a Lake Superior water b… Minnesota's United States senators are Democrat Amy Klobuchar and Democrat Tina Smith. William Norris left Sperry in 1957 to form Control Data Corporation (CDC). Lookup area codes by state. Four additional schools in the state compete in NCAA Division I ice hockey: the University of Minnesota Duluth; Minnesota State University, Mankato; St. Minnesota is also a large producer of corn and soybeans, and has the most food cooperatives per capita in the United States.  There is water transportation along the Mississippi River system and from the ports of Lake Superior. During the Middle Woodland Period two areas of Hopewell tradition existed in Minnesota. Minnesota's factories produce nonelectrical machinery, fabricated metals, flour-mill products, plastics, electronic computers, scientific instruments, and processed foods. , The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Minnesota was 5,639,632 on July 1, 2019, a 6.33 percent increase since the 2010 United States Census. Minnesotans participate in high levels of physical activity, and many of these activities are outdoors. The lowest temperature recorded was −60 °F (−51 °C) at Tower on February 2, 1996, and the highest was 114 °F (46 °C) at Moorhead on July 6, 1936. Minnesota's growth was centered on timber, agriculture and railroads.  Suburban development accelerated due to increased postwar housing demand and convenient transportation.  According to the Association of Religion Data Archives, the denominations with the most adherents in 2010 were the Roman Catholic Church with 1,150,367; the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 737,537; and the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod with 182,439. After that was the Upper Mississippian culture, which in Minnesota was the Oneota people. The Laural Complex covered part of the north while the Tremplau Hopewell was in the Mississippi river Valley (100 BCE – 500 CE). Science fiction writer Marissa Lingen lives here. In 2018, the DFL retook control of the Minnesota House, while electing DFLer Tim Walz as Governor. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's epic poem The Song of Hiawatha was inspired by Minnesota and names many of the state's places and bodies of water. MOTTO: L'Etoile du Nord (The North Star). A business needs to obtain a Minnesota tax identification number (a seven digit number assigned by the Minnesota Department of Revenue) if it is required to file information returns for income tax purposes, has employees, makes …  Minnesota has 6,564 natural rivers and streams that cumulatively flow for 69,000 miles (111,000 km). The standard (see note) to the flag was surmounted by a golden gopher, and tied with a gold cord and tassel. Innovations by Minneapolis millers led to the production of Minnesota "patent" flour, which commanded almost double the price of "bakers'" or "clear" flour, which it replaced.  Minnesota is geologically quiet today; it experiences earthquakes infrequently, most of them minor. Saint Paul, MN 55155-1299. Weeklies including City Pages and monthly publications such as Minnesota Monthly are available. Area - 86,943 square miles [Minnesota is the 12th biggest state in the USA] Population - 5,420,380 (as of 2013) [Minnesota is the 21st most populous state in the USA] Name for Residents - Minnesotans Major Industries - farming (corn, soybeans, sugar beets, wheat, dairy products), paper pulp, mining (iron ore) Potlucks, usually with a variety of hotdishes, are popular small-town church activities. Cloud State University and Bemidji State University. Weekend and longer trips to family cabins on Minnesota's numerous lakes are a way of life for many residents. The sawmills at Saint Anthony Falls and logging centers of Pine City, Marine on St. Croix, Stillwater, and Winona processed vast quantities of timber. There is also a city in Minnesota called Minnesota City. Most cases start in the district courts, which are courts of general jurisdiction. The Minnesota Legislature is a bicameral body consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Meanwhile, squatters, government officials, and others had settled near the fort. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean.  In recent decades its economy has diversified, shifting from traditional industries such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Many lakes and rivers are overseen by watershed districts and soil and water conservation districts. , The majority of Minnesotans are Protestants, including a large Lutheran contingent, owing to the state's largely Northern European ethnic makeup. University of Minnesota professor Norman Borlaug contributed to these developments as part of the Green Revolution.  Minnesota Governor Alexander Ramsey subsequently declared that "the Sioux Indians of Minnesota must be exterminated or driven forever beyond the borders of the state.” He also placed a bounty of $25/scalp on the heads of the Dakota men. Paul Metropolitan Area connecting a variety of sites of historic, cultural, and geologic interest.. Professional women's sports include the Minnesota Lynx of the Women's National Basketball Association, winners of the 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 WNBA Championships, the Minnesota Lightning of the United Soccer Leagues W-League, the Minnesota Vixen of the Independent Women's Football League, the Minnesota Valkyrie of the Legends Football League, and the Minnesota Whitecaps of the National Women's Hockey League. In Greater Minnesota transit services are provided by city systems such as Duluth Transit Authority, Mankato Transit System, MATBUS (Fargo-Moorhead), Rochester Public Transit, Saint Cloud Metro Bus, Winona Public Transit and others.  William Crooks, commander of 6th Minnesota, had a palisade erected around the encampment on Pike island, just below the fort, to protect native people from the soldiers and settlers.  In 2006, a constitutional amendment was passed that required sales and use taxes on motor vehicles to fund transportation, with at least forty percent dedicated to public transit. Activities include water sports such as water skiing, which originated in the state, boating, canoeing, and fishing. Since 2016, the Senate has had a slim Republican majority. The Minnesota Vikings have played in the National Football League since their admission as an expansion franchise in 1961. Historical evidence suggests that many people immigrated to Minnesota as a result of the failed European Revolutions of 1848.. The United States Navy and Coast Guard have recognized Minnesota with: Saint Paul, in east-central Minnesota along the banks of the Mississippi River, has been Minnesota's capital city since 1849, first as capital of the Territory of Minnesota, and then as the state capital since 1858. A red banner with yellow letters has the state motto, "L'ETOILE DU NORD," meaning "the star of the north" in French. Use our interactive map, address lookup, or code list to find the correct 5-digit or 9-digit (ZIP+4) code for your postal mails destination. St. Paul native F. Scott Fitzgerald writes of the social insecurities and aspirations of the young city in stories such as Winter Dreams and The Ice Palace (published in Flappers and Philosophers).  In 2008, DFLer and former comedian and radio talk show host Al Franken defeated incumbent Republican Norm Coleman in the U.S. Senate race by 312 votes out of three million cast. There are two teaching hospitals and medical schools in Minnesota. The state's other top markets are Fargo–Moorhead (118th nationally), Duluth–Superior (137th), Rochester–Mason City–Austin (152nd), and Mankato (200th).. "Land of 10,000 Lakes" Minnesota, just like the state of Michigan, is really a home lakes and this Minnesota state nickname actually understates the facts.Minnesota has 11,842 lakes larger than 10 acres.  In 2019 there were more than 411 service stations supplying E85 fuel, comprising 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline. Broadcast television in Minnesota and the Upper Midwest started on April 27, 1948, when KSTP-TV began broadcasting. Senators serve for four years and representatives for two years.  Minnesota has a consistently high voter turnout. Life in Minnesota has also been depicted or used as a backdrop, in movies such as Fargo, Grumpy Old Men, Grumpier Old Men, Juno, Drop Dead Gorgeous, Young Adult, A Serious Man, New in Town, Rio, The Mighty Ducks films, and in famous television series like Little House on the Prairie, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, The Golden Girls, Coach, The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, How I Met Your Mother and Fargo. New England in the Life of the World: A Record of Adventure and Achievement By Howard Allen Bridgman page 112, A Collection of Confusable Phrases By Yuri Dolgopolov page 309, Minnesota: A History of the State By Theodore Christian Blegen page 202-203, Sketches of Minnesota, the New England of the West. Shortly after arriving at the fort, one of the women was raped by soldiers while gathering firewood. For the river, see, Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted. The construction of Fort Snelling followed between 1819 and 1825. The governor has a cabinet consisting of the leaders of various state government agencies, called commissioners. The Minnesota Twins have played in the Major League Baseball in the Twin Cities since 1961. The other elected constitutional offices are secretary of state, attorney general, and state auditor. Your driver's license is your MN ID No  . Here are 10 of MN’s number one rankings: Twin Cities CBS station WCCO-TV and FOX station KMSP-TV are owned-and-operated by their respective networks. Governor Tim Walz, DFL (Democratic–Farmer–Labor), took office on January 7, 2019. Popular interest in the environment and environmentalism, added to traditional interests in hunting and fishing, has attracted a large urban audience within driving range.. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U.S. states. , As of the 2010 Census Minnesota's population was 5,303,925. There are nine NCAA Division II colleges in the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference, and twenty NCAA Division III colleges in the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference and Upper Midwest Athletic Conference.. Minnesota became the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858. The state has 67 districts, each with about 60,000 people. The comic strip Peanuts was created by St. Paul native Charles M. Schulz. Minnesota's commitment to education has contributed to a literate and well-educated populace.  The six-week war ended with the execution of 38 Dakota and the exile of many to the Crow Creek Reservation in Dakota Territory. In 2009, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, Minnesota had the second-highest proportion of high school graduates, with 91.5% of people 25 and older holding a high school diploma, and the tenth-highest proportion of people with bachelor's degrees. In 1861 residents of Mankato formed the Knights of the Forest, with a goal of eliminating all Native Americans from Minnesota. In addition to the city and county levels of government found in the United States, Minnesota has other entities that provide governmental oversight and planning. The Minnesota Timberwolves joined the NBA in 1989, and have played in Target Center since 1990. A small segment of the Scandinavian population attend a traditional lutefisk dinner to celebrate Christmas.  It is joined by the Minnesota River at Fort Snelling, by the St. Croix River near Hastings, by the Chippewa River at Wabasha, and by many smaller streams. It is home to birds of prey, including the largest number of breeding pairs of bald eagles in the lower 48 states as of 2007, red-tailed hawks, and snowy owls. State Agencies. Paul International Airport, United States District Court for the District of Minnesota, Upper Sioux Community – Pejuhutazizi Oyate, Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, United States congressional delegations from Minnesota, Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Minnesota State Demographic Center – Immigration & Language", "Minnesota State Tree – Red Pine (Norway Pine)", "Our Estimates: Latest annual estimates of Minnesota and its Economic Development Regions' population and households, 2017", "America's Most (and Least) Educated States", "Good Question: How Did Minnesota Get Its Name?  This is broadly consistent with the results of the 2001 American Religious Identification Survey, which also gives detailed percentages for many individual denominations. Interlachen Country Club has hosted the U.S. Open, U.S. Women's Open, and Solheim Cup. Paul International Airport (MSP), a major passenger and freight hub for Delta Air Lines and Sun Country Airlines. Urban centers in "Greater Minnesota" include Duluth, Mankato, Moorhead, Rochester and St. Control of the House shifted back to Republicans in the 2014 election, and returned to the DFL in the 2018 midterm election. The strong interest of Minnesotans in environmentalism has been attributed to the popularity of these pursuits.  Ramsey's successor, Governor Swift, raised the bounty to $200 per scalp. On a smaller scale, many of these attractions are offered at numerous county fairs.  The fair covers the variety of Minnesota life, including fine art, science, agriculture, food preparation, 4-H displays, music, the midway, and corporate merchandising. , As of December 2018 the state's unemployment rate was 2.8 percent.. ZIP codes for the US state Minnesota. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. , Xcel Energy is the state's largest utility and is headquartered in the state; it is one of five investor-owned utilities. The word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River, which got its name from one of two words in Dakota: "mní sóta", which means "clear blue water", or "Mníssota", which means "cloudy water". Super Bowl XXVI was played in the Metrodome in 1992. With incidents of travel in that territory during the summer of 1849. The first Europeans to enter the region were French voyageurs, fur traders who arrived in the 17th century. , The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet (701 m), which is only 13 miles (21 km) away from the low point of 601 feet (183 m) at the shore of Lake Superior. The state's U.S. Senate seats have generally been split since the early 1990s, and in the 108th and 109th Congresses, Minnesota's congressional delegation was split, with four representatives and one senator from each party. Local public transit is provided by bus networks in the larger cities and by two rail services. The state is part of the U.S. region known as the Upper Midwest and part of North America's Great Lakes Region.  In 2008 Minnesotans paid 10.2 percent of their income in state and local taxes; the U.S. average was 9.7 percent. In the United States, Minneapolis's number of theater companies ranks behind only New York City's, and about 2.3 million theater tickets were sold in the Twin Cities annually as of 2006. A cult scifi cable TV show, Mystery Science Theater 3000, was created by Joel Hodgson in Hopkins, and Minneapolis, MN. Much of what is now Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, which the United States purchased in 1803.  The state's oldest radio station, KUOM-AM, was launched in 1922 and is among the 10-oldest radio stations in the United States. Joel and Ethan Coen, Terry Gilliam, Bill Pohlad, and Mike Todd contributed to the art of filmmaking as writers, directors, and producers. , In the warmer months, these activities often involve water. Minnesota Bounties On Dakota Men During The US-Dakota War,Hamline University, C. Rotel, 2013, Sioux Valley Dakota Nation, The US-Dakota War 1862, Minnesota Historical Society website, The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference, List of Minnesota locations by per capita income, List of television shows and movies in Minnesota, List of colleges and universities in Minnesota, Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System, Minneapolis–St. From 1821 to 1834 it was part of an Unorganized Territory. Tourism has become an important industry, especially in the Lake region. Farther north, Eveleth is the location of the United States Hockey Hall of Fame. Minnesota's economy was hit hard by the Great Depression, resulting in lower prices for farmers, layoffs among iron miners, and labor unrest. EnchantedLearning.com ------ How to cite a web page, go to a pdf file with the worksheet and the answers, Guidelines for Writing a Report on a State, TapQuiz Maps - free iPhone Geography Game.  As of 2008 Minnesota was ranked 12th in the nation in per capita total state and local taxes.  Much of the remainder of the state has fifty feet (15 m) or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. The State of Minnesota is home to 369,000 veterans who have bravely served our country.  Excise taxes are levied on alcohol, tobacco, and motor fuel. They played in Metropolitan Stadium from 1961 through 1981 and in the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome from 1982 until its demolition after the 2013 season for the construction of the team's new home, U.S. Bank Stadium. After many years of unequal treaties and forced resettlement by the state and federal government, the tribes re-organized into sovereign tribal governments. Educational Attainment by State: 1990 to 2009", "Report: American Education Isn't Mediocre – It's Deeply Unequal", "Newsroom – Press Kit, Digital Media Library, and Press Releases", "The states that spend the most (and the least) on education, in one map", "School vouchers: Who stands to gain at what cost? , Transportation in Minnesota is overseen by the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) at the state level and by regional and local governments at the local level. Minnesota also has minor-league professional sports teams. Minnesota was carved out of the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory and admitted to the Union as the 32nd state on May 11, 1858. State of Minnesota ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Derived from the Sioux Indian word minisota, meaning "sky-tinted waters."  Many died.  The portion of the state east of the Mississippi River became part of the United States at the end of the American Revolutionary War, when the Second Treaty of Paris was signed. From 1838 to 1846 Minnesota west of the Mississippi River was part of the Territory of Iowa.  St. Anthony Falls was later tapped to provide power for flour mills. This Is Now, Purple Rain, Airport, Beautiful Girls, North Country, Untamed Heart, Feeling Minnesota, Jingle All The Way, A Simple Plan, and The Mighty Ducks films. Office of the Secretary of State Administration. There are 279 district court judgeships in ten judicial districts. D Socioeconomic Information", "2017 American Community Survey – Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey – Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey – Selected Social Characteristics", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "Minnesota QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", "Ellison Calls on Trump to Condemn Minnesota Mosque Bombing", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "American Religious Identification Survey", "Mosques and Islamic schools in Minneapolis–St. Since a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. The four largest daily newspapers are the Star Tribune in Minneapolis, the Pioneer Press in Saint Paul, the Duluth News Tribune in Duluth, and the Post-Bulletin in Rochester. Each of the next six decades saw a 15 percent increase in population, reaching 3.4 million in 1960. Minnesota is a home to numerous lakes. Minnesotans helped shape the history of music through popular American culture: the Andrews Sisters' "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" was an iconic tune of World War II, while the Trashmen's "Surfin' Bird" and Bob Dylan epitomize two sides of the 1960s. Regional development commissions (RDCs) provide technical assistance to local governments in broad multi-county area of the state. Notable actors from Minnesota include Loni Anderson, Richard Dean Anderson, James Arness, Jessica Biel, Rachael Leigh Cook, Julia Duffy, Mike Farrell, Judy Garland, Peter Graves, Josh Hartnett, Garrett Hedlund, Tippi Hedren, Jessica Lange, Kelly Lynch, E.G. The Northstar Line commuter rail service runs from Big Lake to the Target Field station in downtown Minneapolis. More than 36 percent of Minnesotans fish, second only to Alaska.  Owners of real property in Minnesota pay property tax to their county, municipality, school district, and special taxing districts. They used the Grand Portage to access trapping and trading areas further into Minnesota.  The rate of population change, and age and gender distributions, approximate the national average. New Lakota dictionary. The Mississippi National River and Recreation Area (MNRRA) is a 72-mile-long (116 km) corridor along the Mississippi River through the Minneapolis–St.  These and other measures have led two groups to rank Minnesota as the healthiest state in the nation; however, in one of these rankings, Minnesota descended from first to sixth in the nation between 2005 and 2009 because of low levels of public health funding and the prevalence of binge drinking. Much of Minnesota's northern forest has undergone logging, leaving only a few patches of old growth forest today in areas such as in the Chippewa National Forest and the Superior National Forest, where the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness has some 400,000 acres (162,000 ha) of unlogged land. The license number of a contractor or remodeler must be placed on all building permits and building permit applications made to or issued by the state or a political subdivision (such as a city or county). Its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord, French for "The Star of the North".  The Minnesota Fringe Festival in Minneapolis is an annual celebration of theatre, dance, improvisation, puppetry, kids' shows, visual art, and musicals with more than 800 performances over 11 days. Paul, Minnesota – salatomatic.com: your guide to mosques & Islamic schools", "The Pew Forum – America's Changing Religious Landscape", "United States and States – R2001. Located on the Mississippi Flyway, Minnesota hosts migratory waterfowl such as geese and ducks, and game birds such as grouse, pheasants, and turkeys. ", "118 km (73 mi) SW of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada", "Continental Divides in North Dakota and North America", "Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition (NA0415)", "104 Years of Twin Cities Dew Point Temperature Records: 1902–2006", "Louisiana Purchase – History, Facts, & Map", "Spanish Colonial Louisiana – Know Louisiana", "Welcome to the City of Crystal, MN – City History", "Anniversary Volume Gives New Voice To Pioneer Accounts of Sioux Uprising", "Part 10: Payback for the Dakota – banishment", "Engineering Research Associates Records 1946–1959", "Analysis of the 2015 Population and Household Estimates", "Greater Minnesota Refined and Revisited", "Environmental Information Report, App. With non-Christian faiths Nielsen media Research, in the 2000 Summer games a! 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