The economics of colonizing Mars . Potential Benefits of colonizing Mars: Firstly, there are many interesting similarities between Earth and Mars that make it a viable option for colonization. More habitable worlds than Mars have been discovered outside our solar system. Things you can do on Mars with very modest industrial infrastructure: Produce propellant for return trips pretty much from day 1. At this fast growing rate, there is no doubt that the society will suffer due to limited resources available on Earth. Colonizing Mars: Problems and Benefits The idea of a human mission to the Martian planet has been capturing the imagination of the scientific community and popular culture for decades, manifesting itself in cinema, literature, and art. He wants humans to colonize Mars—stat. Patel, Neel V. “SpaceX CEO Elon Musk Says His Company Could Have a Mars Colony by 2026.” Inverse, www.inverse.com/article/21156-elon-musk-says-spacex-could-start-a-mars-colony-by-2026. Despite the aforementioned benefits, there are also some rather monumental is at least some gravity. A day on Mars is 24 hours and 39 minutes, which means that organisms from earth would find … What are the benefits and challenges of Colonizing Venus? This water could be extracted and purified for human consumption easily enough. Establishing a colony on Mars would benefit our society in a number of ways. And while there were a lot of exciting technical details, some major issues I anticipated were not covered. NASA/JPL via Getty Images. Moon before Mars, but why? read more For example, since 1976 NASA has published a report every year called Spinoff which features new technologies based on research done by NASA. McGill Library Blogs are a production of the McGill Library. Mars and Earth have very similar lengths of days. According to a NASA report, the effects of zero-gravity on the human body are quite profound, with a loss of up to 5% muscle mass a week and 1% of bone density a month. It was mainly due to lack of experience launching the space shuttle in a specific environment, and lack of tests. A well known example is the Infrared Ear Thermometer, initially this technology was designed to measure the temperature of stars and planets across large distances, however it was eventually adapted to be used as a way to record human body temperature without direct contact with the body. Mars and Venus are no more likely to be terraformed in the next 100 years than is Pluto. – Science Fiction or Reality. In the 1960’s, the U.S and Russian tensions were at an all-time high. The … challenges to colonizing the Red Planet. Produce Oxygen, water, methane, plastics, glass, concrete, iron/steel, aluminum, etc. Molly Wood and Kristin Schwab Oct 24, 2017. That means if we were able to travel at the speed of light—a feat which is currently well beyond our reach, technologically—it would still take us 39 years to travel the 229 trillion miles. Others have discussed microgravity’s effects on the human body, but Mars is not free-fall. As Mars does not have a very substantial atmosphere, the mars colonists would need to be protected not only from the extreme weather and temperatures that can occur on Mars but also from the radiation that penetrates the atmosphere. If a colonization of Mars begins, then there is a possibility that these issues on Mars will be prioritized over earthbound issues on Earth such as disease, climate change, war, social and economic inequality. The mission to colonize Mars runs into three major challenges. the average surface temperature, which is anything but hospitable. Mars used to be a warm and wet planet like Earth, when Mars had a … United Nations projects that the world’s population will reach 9.8 billion in year 2050 and 11.2 billion in year 2100. Grow crops using local sunlight (the Moon has a 2 week long night). * Has an atmosphere which can be used to produce Oxygen and rocket fuel to return home. Elon Musk, the CEO of SpaceX, believes colonizing Mars “is potentially something that could be accomplished in about 10 years, maybe sooner, maybe 9 years.” But despite all the efforts to make Mars colonization true, how can this benefits our society? As Neil Armstrong once said, the beginning of the mission will be “one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”. Kelechava, Brad. Additionally, the world’s population growth have exponentially increased over the last centuries. Space, 28 Jan. 2016, www.space.com/31732-space-shuttle-challenger-disaster-explained-infographic.html. Mars, Kelli. The magnetosphere is a magnetic field created by … Most of this ice is located in the polar regions, but surveys of Martian meteorites have suggested that much of it may also be locked away beneath the surface. (Venus location on the inner edge (combined with its thick atmosphere) has led to it becoming the hottest planet in the Solar System. The third category questions the Mars mission’s impact on the solar system and that space junk could disrupt gravitational balances. 'Growing Pains' star slams Kirk Cameron's caroling protests We must slow down global warming and reverse it back, if possible. Many reasons. And there are some problems we may never be able to solve, such as kick-starting Mars’ magnetosphere. The Red has vast reserves of water in the form of ice. Mars, also known as the Red Planet, have caught many scientists’ and engineers’ attention after rovers sent by NASA have found evidence of water on the planet in 2012. To Understand Earth: Mars is the planet in our solar system that is most similar to Earth. It’s a Challenge. Anyone traveling to Mars would need to follow a rigid exercise routine, and proper nutrient intake would be vital to minimize muscle and bone wasting that would occur in microgravity. First, likening a colony on Mars to life insurance is misleading. Curiosity site – the Gale Crater, which is close to the equator – typical Space colonization is a controversial topic for some people, though definitely not for me, and for a number … For starters, there is the matter of In short, the challenges to creating a permanent settlement on Mars are numerous, but not necessarily impossible. Establishing a colony on Mars would benefit our society in a number of ways. “The Benefits of Colonizing Mars (Other Than Getting to Live There) – ANSI Blog.” The ANSI Blog, 4 Feb. 2019, www.blog.ansi.org/2016/10/the-benefits-of-colonizing-mars/. Mars exists within our Sun’s habitable zone (aka. One major advantage of colonizing Mars is that it can be regarded as one of the most promising backup plans humanity has right now. The red planet also has no global magnetic field comparable to Earth’s geomagnetic field. The hypothetical colonization of Mars has received interest from public space agencies and private corporations, and has received extensive treatment in science fiction writing, film, and art. This would be the most monumental achievement in our history to date and would likely be a point in history we would never forget. with the problems of muscle degeneration and osteoporosis in the long run. temperatures around the equator at midday can reach a balmy 20 °C, at the The real wild card for long-term health is the low gravity. The hottest housing market of 2020. That money could be put to better use fighting the rising national debt, … However, little is done to solve those problems in time. Mars is the best target for colonization in the solar system because it has by far the greatest potential for self-sufficiency. For example, on Jan 28, 1986, crews of the NASA’s space shuttle Challenger were killed during the launch due to failure of O-rings that seals the booster. Some of the main risks in regard to the colonization itself lie in the environment of Mars. The first benefit is one of the main reasons why Elon Musk believes that we should colonize Mars: it would mark the beginning of … “NASA Rover Finds Conditions Once Suited for Ancient Life on Mars.” NASA, NASA, 19 Nov. 2015, www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/news/msl20130312.html. Make no mistake, getting to Mars is probably the biggest challenge humanity has … Moon: Benefits and Challenges of Colonizing Moon, How can we colonize Mars? Nevertheless, even with optimistic extrapolation of robotic manufacturing techniques, Mars will not have the division of labor required to make it fully self-sufficient until its population numbers in the millions. NASA warns people that a human mission to Mars will be difficult and the potential for disaster is a high. Naturally, these losses would be lower on the surface of Mars, where there Easier and cheaper as it is, … Reasons to colonise Mars instead of the Moon: * Less rocket fuel needed to land due to the atmosphere being thick enough to aerobrake. An artist's conception of the Phoenix Mars lander on the red planet. The issue in today’s world is that there are several issues with setting up a colony that seems to prove it as an impossibility for it to occur in the near future. Colonizing Mars is one of the most promising backup plans for humanity. As humans attempt to reach further and further into space, new and innovative advances in technology and science are required in order for us to reach these new heights. This guest post will have you thinking about a future society on Mars. As a side effect, it causes weakness of bone and muscle, motion sickness, fluid redistribution and more. It was the height of the "Only by pushing mankind to its limits, to the bottoms of the … The first, and most notable way, is that a colony on Mars would mark the first interplanetary settlement in human history. I’m sure he has his motives. There is a major possibility that a colony on another planet is the future of humanity. Thus, for decades and perhaps longer, it will be necessary, and forever desirable, for Mars to be able to import specialized manufactured goods from Earth. “The Human Body in Space.” NASA, NASA, 30 Mar. Y esterday a lot of people watched Elon Musk revealing some of his plans on colonization of Mars at the International Astronautical Congress. The cost of a manned mission to Mars would be 20+ billion dollars. Yes, we must try to keep Earth a habitable place. 2 It cost too much. Many engineers and scientists, try to make fault tolerant equipments, but sometimes a tiny little mistakes could result a great disaster. About 95% of the planet’s atmosphere is carbon dioxide, which means that we have to produce breathable air for our habitats and settlers could only go out with a pressure suit and an oxygen bottle. Three companies are in a race to colonize Mars: NASA, SpaceX, and Mars One. But permanent settlers would still have to contend A settlement on Mars would also prove that such an endeavor is possible and pave the way for future colonizations of other planets and moons, inside our solar system as well as out. Science Benefits From Diverse Landing Area of NASA Mars Rover PASADENA, Calif. -- NASA's Curiosity rover is revealing a great deal about Mars, from long-ago processes in its interior to the current interaction between the Martian surface and atmosphere. Steve Lee – U3 Computer Engineering student These goods can be fairly limited in m… Even if Mars is a lifeless planet, whether it’s ethical to colonize Mars may depend on what kinds of consequences the mission has here on Earth. Instead, let us note the benefits that can come from interplanetary colonization, even for those of us who decide to stay on the Earth’s surface. But what are the challenges and benefits of making Mars a "backup location" for humanity? Mine water ice. One point, publicised the last few years by Stephen Hawking, is to prevent the potential extinction of the human race. Do you want to learn more?Check out our last post: How can we colonize Mars? “The Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster: What Happened? Improving the quality of life on Earth. The first, and most notable way, is that a colony on Mars would mark the first interplanetary settlement in human history. And while we do our best to plan for and minimize those risks, there is always a possibility of something going wrong. Unfortunately, as with any kind of undertaking of this magnitude, there exists risks. A colony on Mars is something dreamed about by many, and criticized by many more. Recently, Mars became a popular topic again due to success of SpaceX, a private aerospace company which aims to reduce cost of space transportation and colonize Mars. 2016, www.nasa.gov/hrp/bodyinspace. This would be the most monumental achievement in our history to date and would likely be a point in history we would never forget. Having a colony on the nearest celestial body to Earth would be beneficial, because we would be able to conduct research, extract resources, develop and use new technologies. And if we decide to live on the Red Planet, as individuals and as a species, we will find creative ways to colonize Mars. There are several benefits associated with colonizing planet Mars, and the most notable one is that colonizing Mars will mark the first interplanetary settlement in our history. In general, colonizing the Moon is a huge stepping stone to expand to Mars… As of 2016, there are over 1,920 products in the Spinoff database which can be attributed to advances made by NASA researchers. For more details on this topic, see space colonization. Colonizing Mars will lead to many positive outcomes—new technologies, economic advantages, more jobs, and ideas to avert the population crisis of the future. Firstly, there are many interesting similarities between Earth and Mars that make it a viable option for colonization. Another important impact of a Mars colonization would be scientific research. Combined with a thin atmosphere, so a significant amount of ionizing radiation is able to reach the Martian surface. However, colonization of Mars would leverage the problem by distributing the population of the Earth to Mars, and as well as improve the chances for mankind to survive in case the Earth is no longer sustainable. A big thank you to Steve Lee and Anthony Johansen for submitting their Engineering Professional Practice (FACC 400) blog post to The Turret. The Benefits of Colonizing Space: Space Habitats and The O’Neill Cylinder ... Mars One graphics. Anthony Johansen – U2 Software Engineering student. (Infographic).” Space.com, Space Created with Sketch. The space agency also says that scientific advancements that humanity gains from such a … Mars’ gravity is only 38 percent of that of the Earth and the difference affects greatly on human body. A day on Mars is 24 hours and 39 minutes, which means that organisms from earth would find it similar. Mars and Earth have very similar lengths of days. Since then, many space agencies around the globe have sent their probes and rovers to collect more information about Mars. Green energy is great. Experiments have shown that Mars soil could be baked into bricks to create protective structures, which would cut down on the amount of materials needed to be shipped to the surface. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 Canada License. After inhabiting oceans, it will be easier to colonize other planets. “goldilocks zone“), (like our earth) though it is slightly towards its outer edge. Dunbar, Brian. The discovery of water was very important since it indicated possibility of life on Mars, and further implies that the Earth is not the only planet where living being exists. Another element that creates risk is the human factor. Privacy Notice, www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/news/msl20130312.html, www.blog.ansi.org/2016/10/the-benefits-of-colonizing-mars/, www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/world-population-prospects-2017.html, www.inverse.com/article/21156-elon-musk-says-spacex-could-start-a-mars-colony-by-2026, www.space.com/31732-space-shuttle-challenger-disaster-explained-infographic.html, Schulich Library of Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, and Engineering, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 Canada License. Our species, and perhaps all sentient species that develop, is facing what can be considered a series of tests. The Advantages of Going to Mars From a Scientific Point of View. “World Population Projected to Reach 9.8 Billion in 2050, and 11.2 Billion in 2100 | UN DESA Department of Economic and Social Affairs.” United Nations, United Nations, www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/world-population-prospects-2017.html. nighttime temperatures are as low as -70 °C. The idea of colonizing Mars has been explored at length, in fiction and as a real possibility. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. There are also the effects that microgravity have on the human body. Colonizing planet Mars will be the greatest achievement in human history to date, and it would likely be an achievement in our history that we will never forget. Although there are risks associated to Mars colonization, there are many things that people can benefit from. As we all know, we face many serious environmental problems. By Allison Eck Friday, March 16, 2018 NOVA Next NOVA Next An MIT team designed the Redwood Forest, a … The gravity on Mars is also only about 40% of what we experience on Earth’s. Colonizing Mars: Problems and Benefits The idea of a human mission to the Martian planet has been capturing the imagination of the scientific community and popular culture for decades, manifesting itself in cinema, literature, and art. In fact, every few years when the Earth and Mars are at opposition – when they are closest to each other – the distance varies, making certain “launch windows” ideal for sending colonists. Therefore, if the system designed for the Mars exploration have flaws, then it could lead to disasters. That, combined with its sulfuric acid rains makes Mars a much more attractive option). This would make the process of colonizing it easier. In addition, Mars is closer to Earth than the other Solar planets – except for Venus, but we all know why this planet isn’t a good option! Tate, Karl. This proximity has several benefits: A lunar base could be a site for launching rockets with locally-manufactured fuel to distant planets such as Mars. 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