, The state has more than 26,000 square miles (67,000 km2) of forests, covering about half of the state's land area. This would be the first permanent English-speaking population in what is now Duval County, Baker County, St. Johns County and Nassau County. The United States Army led increasingly frequent incursions into Spanish territory, including the 1817–1818 campaign against the Seminole Indians by Andrew Jackson that became known as the First Seminole War. The climate and scenery of the “Sunshine State” have long attracted enormous numbers of visitors. Forty thousand blacks, roughly one-fifth of their 1900 population levels in Florida, left the state in the Great Migration. , In 2011, there were about 9,000 retail gas stations in the state. In the 2010 elections, Republicans solidified their dominance statewide, by winning the governor's mansion, and maintaining firm majorities in both houses of the state legislature.  In 1970, Democrats took the governorship and the open US Senate seat, and maintained dominance for years. Florida Country celebrates living in the modern world, while still staying true to our country traditions and heritage. There are 67 counties in the U.S. state of Florida. In 1885, they created a new constitution, followed by statutes through 1889 that disfranchised most blacks and many poor whites..  This is the second-highest number of islands of any state; only Alaska has more. , In 2009, fishing was a $6 billion industry, employing 60,000 jobs for sports and commercial purposes. It was approximately 350 feet (107 m) wide and 75 feet (23 m) deep. This was particularly important after 1864, when the Confederacy lost control of the Mississippi River, thereby losing access to Texas beef. In 1966, Claude R. Kirk, Jr. was elected as the first post-Reconstruction Republican governor, in an upset election. The state government's primary revenue source is sales tax.  On March 30, 1822, the U.S. Congress merged East Florida and part of West Florida into the Florida Territory.. , The fast-growing I-4 corridor area, which runs through Central Florida and connects the cities of Daytona Beach, Orlando, and Tampa/St. It is a designated Outstanding Florida Waters. The Center for Biological Diversity and others have therefore called for a special protected area for the panther to be established. Hundreds of thousands of Puerto Ricans arrived in Florida after Maria dissipated, with nearly half of them arriving in Orlando and large populations also moving to Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach.  Citrus fruit, especially oranges, are a major part of the economy, and Florida produces the majority of citrus fruit grown in the United States. PARTS of Florida are a country within the state of Florida. Booking. As of January 1, 2017[update], Florida's minimum wage was $5.08 for tipped positions, and $8.10 for non-tipped positions, which was higher than the federal rate of $7.25. According to one polling company, a growing number of Southwest Florida … The first post-Reconstruction era Republican elected to Congress from Florida was William C. Cramer in 1954 from Pinellas County on the Gulf Coast, where demographic changes were underway. Major ports in Florida include Port Tampa Bay in Tampa, Port Everglades in Fort Lauderdale, Port of Jacksonville in Jacksonville, PortMiami in Miami, Port Canaveral in Brevard County, Port Manatee in Manatee County, and Port of Palm Beach in Riviera Beach. In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act and as settlement increased, pressure grew on the U.S. government to remove the Indians from Florida. , Florida's nickname is the "Sunshine State", but severe weather is a common occurrence in the state. Florida's economy ranks among the largest in the world. Country Estates was a census-designated place (CDP) in Broward County, Florida, United States.The population was 1,910 at the 2000 census.  Neither East Florida nor West Florida sent any representatives to Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence. Sort out the facts and discover everything the USA has to offer. At the center of the island is the Indian Creek Country Club, once referred to as “Miami-Dade County’s most exclusive, and controversial, private society.” , Agriculture is the second largest industry in the state. " Subsequently, the growing availability of air conditioning, the climate, and a low cost of living made the state a haven. In the 2018 elections, the ratio of Republican to Democratic representation fell from 16:11 to 14:13.  As of 2017[update], the University of Central Florida, with more than 64,000 students, is the largest university by enrollment in the United States. Some reference materials may show only 66 because Duval County is consolidated with the City of Jacksonville. The highest point in peninsular Florida (east and south of the Suwannee River), Sugarloaf Mountain, is a 312-foot (95 m) peak in Lake County. Population (2010) 18,801,310; (2019 est.) The British settlers who had remained also resented Spanish rule, leading to a rebellion in 1810 and the establishment for ninety days of the so-called Free and Independent Republic of West Florida on September 23. Florida shows signs as next coronavirus epicenter as cases spike across the country By Madeline Holcombe and Ray Sanchez, CNN Updated 9:33 PM ET, Thu June 18, 2020 Florida does not impose a personal income tax. A record 23 were killed in 2009, mainly by automobile collisions, leaving about 100 individuals in the wild. Since the development of the federal NASA Merritt Island launch sites on Cape Canaveral (most notably Kennedy Space Center) in 1962, Florida has developed a sizable aerospace industry. In Florida there is no legal difference between towns, villages and cities. In 2012, government of all levels was a top employer in all counties in the state, because this classification includes public school teachers and other school staff. Reapportionment following the 2010 United States Census gave the state two more seats in the House of Representatives. , The Democratic Party has maintained an edge in voter registration, both statewide and in 40 of the 67 counties, including Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties, the state's three most populous.. Florida also is the southernmost of the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii being the only one of the fifty states reaching farther south. Seminoles offered sanctuary to blacks, and these became known as the Black Seminoles, and clashes between whites and Indians grew with the influx of new settlers. In 2000, George W. Bush won the U.S. presidential election by a margin of 271–266 in the Electoral College. The PGA of America is headquartered in Palm Beach Gardens, the PGA Tour is headquartered in Ponte Vedra Beach, and the LPGA is headquartered in Daytona Beach. Almost 1,400 species of marine plants and animals, including more than 40 species of stony corals and 500 species of fish, live on the Florida Reef. During the last glacial period, lower sea levels and a drier climate revealed a much wider peninsula, largely savanna. Now the flamingos are reproducing toward making a comeback to South Florida since it is adamantly considered native to the state and also are now being protected. Some 109,390 U.S. military personnel stationed in Florida, contributing, directly and indirectly, $52 billion a year to the state's economy.. , The most common languages spoken in Florida as a first language in 2010 are:, Florida is mostly Christian, although there is a large irreligious and relatively significant Jewish community. Cypress trees in Lake Bradford, Tallahassee, Florida. Typically planners in Florida reach out to Country Singers 82 days before their event. Florida's most recent major-league team, Inter Miami, began play in MLS in 2020.. At least 11 other states have, too", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "Big Metro Areas in Florida Keep Getting Bigger", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2018 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018", "Florida Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data", "Florida: SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES—2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "Ancestry of the Population by State: 1980—Table 3", Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, "Miami, Florida Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin: 2010 Census Summary File 1", "Florida Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010 Census Summary File 1", "Thedailyjournal—Puerto Rico's population exodus is all about jobs", "How many Puerto Ricans have moved to Florida? The population exceeded 19.7 million by December 2014, surpassing the population of the state of New York for the first time, making Florida the third most populous state. The Florida Legislature comprises the Florida Senate, which has 40 members, and the Florida House of Representatives, which has 120 members. Florida imported US$75.4 billion worth of goods globally in 2017. Many Seminole left at this time. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? These American settlers established a permanent foothold in the area and ignored Spanish authorities. Florida has given professional sports franchises some subsidies in the form of tax breaks since 1991.. , From 1851 to 2006, Florida was struck by 114 hurricanes, 37 of them major—category 3 and above. There were fewer than 1,000 free African Americans before the American Civil War.. Ron DeSantis has vowed not to lock down the state again despite the widespread uptick in coronavirus cases that has spurred multiple states across the country to … We have a more detailed satellite image of Florida without County boundaries. Instead of men and manufactured goods, Florida did provide salt and, more importantly, beef to feed the Confederate armies. Country Band from Clearwater, FL.  The public has a right to beach access under the public trust doctrine, but some areas have access effectively blocked by private owners for a long distance. In 1939, Florida was described as "still very largely an empty State. By 1960, the proportion of African Americans in the state had declined to 18%. A few hundred Seminole remained in Florida in the Everglades. , In 2015, Florida broke the 100-million visitor mark for the first time in state history by hosting a record 105 million visitors.  Conversely, large numbers of northern whites moved to the state. , Much of Florida is on a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean and the Straits of Florida. 245 talking about this. The Florida Reef extends into other parks and sanctuaries as well including Dry Tortugas National Park, Biscayne National Park, and the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. King Charles II of Spain issued a royal proclamation freeing all slaves who fled to Spanish Florida and accepted conversion and baptism. Migration from the Rust Belt and the Northeast sharply increased Florida's population after 1945.  Wildfires in Florida occur at all times of the year. , Florida has two cities in the top 25 cities in the U.S. with the highest average credit card debt, Miami and Tampa. The office was directed to target Medical/Bio-Sciences among others.  The Atlantic beaches that are vital to the state's economy are being washed out to sea due to rising sea levels caused by climate change.  While there are sinkholes in much of the state, modern sinkholes have tended to be in West-Central Florida. The region is heavily eroded and has numerous sinkholes and caves.  Disfranchisement for most African Americans in the state persisted until the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s gained federal legislation in 1965 to enforce protection of their constitutional suffrage. The Hispanic community continues to grow more affluent and mobile. In 1738, the Spanish governor of Florida Manuel de Montiano established Fort Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose near St. Augustine, a fortified town for escaped slaves to whom Montiano granted citizenship and freedom in return for their service in the Florida militia, and which became the first free black settlement legally sanctioned in North America. These temperatures normally extend at most a few days at a time in the northern and central parts of Florida. 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